Biotechnology in Nepal: Scope, Jobs, Career, Institutes

Biotechnology in Nepal: Scope, Jobs, Career, Institutes

In Nepal, one of the burgeoning and competitive sectors is biotechnology. Studies in biology, molecular biology, chemistry, informatics, engineering, genetics, mathematics, statistics, and more are included in the field of biotechnology. For the purpose of enhancing human life, new approaches, procedures, and applications are being developed in the field of biotechnology.

There is a constant change going on in the field. Biotechnology is important in many fields, including the environment, medical and health sciences, agriculture, forestry, pest control, raising livestock, crop nutrition, and quality enhancement.

Status of Biotechnology in Nepal

In Nepal, the potential of biotechnology has mostly gone untapped. There is a huge potential for biotechnology in Nepal since it is a vast tundra region with many plant species that are still unidentified and whose medicinal and other industrial uses are not well understood. Cell and tissue culture, monoclonal antibody technology, biosensors, and recombinant DNA technology are a few examples of the various biotechnology instruments that have helped Nepal’s biotechnology industry grow.

In response, a number of highly qualified Nepali students who have an interest in biotechnology have enrolled in the nation’s B. Tech (Biotechnology) program. But in order to benefit from the country’s expanding biotechnology industry, these students must deal with the age-old issue of inadequate educational infrastructure.

After earning a degree in biotechnology, you can find employment in multinational corporations, the pharmaceutical industry, environmental protection, scientific research, the food and beverage industry, and many other areas. Graduates in biotechnology are needed in Nepal to grow the research industry.

The National Ayurveda Research and Training Center (NARTC), the Department of Plant Resources (DPR), the Research Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology (RIBB), the Kathmandu Institute of Applied Sciences, and the Kathmandu Research Institute for Biological Sciences are just a few of the government and private research institutions in Nepal where biotechnologists play a critical role.

In addition to this, graduates in biotechnology can find employment in academic and INGO/NGO organizations. Additionally, after you have experience and the necessary abilities in your area of specialization, you may work for yourself, become an entrepreneur, and start your own business.

Scope of Biotechnology in Nepal

A career in biotechnology offers the opportunity to take part in the creation of novel goods and procedures that also raise the level of life for society. As biotechnology has the capacity to overcome current agricultural methods and develop the agricultural field by applying biotechnology tools for the production and promotion of sustainable agriculture, Nepal has enormous potential in the agricultural and forestry sectors.

The following are the main channels for career development opportunities:

  • Research and development in the realm of managing bio-industries as well as the processing of various biological materials.
  • Chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food and beverage, plant and animal biotechnology, as well as forensics, illness and diagnostic therapy, education, and environmental protection organizations, all provide employment prospects.
  • Facilitating the pursuit of master- or PhD-level studies.

Use of Biotechnology in Nepal’s Forestry and Agriculture Industries

Even though Nepal has only recently begun to explore the potential of biotechnology, it has already made significant strides in the domains of agriculture and forestry, according to a number of students. In order to take advantage of these forthcoming prospects, some Nepali students have enrolled in biotechnology courses at local and international institutions. Additionally, exciting research on molecular and DNA technologies has started in Nepal’s public sector labs, and it is claimed that this work would have a significant positive impact on the country’s agriculture and forestry practices. Due to Nepal’s bright biotechnology future, many students are now attempting to pursue careers as researchers and specialists in the field.

Application Areas of Biotechnology in Nepal

  1. Genetic Engineering
  2. Protein Engineering
  3. Bioinformatics
  4. Immunology
  5. Plant Biotechnology
  6. Animal Biotechnology
  7. Environmental Biotechnology
  8. Marine Biotechnology
  9. Nano Biotechnology
  10. Pharmacology

Salary of Biotechnology in Nepal

In Nepal, the lowest average monthly wage for the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries is 30,200 NPR, while the maximum monthly income is 72,000 NPR (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher).

The Entrance Test

The Central Department of Biotechnology (CDBT) selects students based on their performance on the admission exams and their B.Sc. grades. The Dean’s Office of Examination shall publish the admission announcement on the websites of IoST and CDBT as well as the top national publications. The academic session and admission exam will be held in accordance with the IoST timetable.

According to the designated quota of seats, candidates with a bachelor’s degree or an equivalent from several scientific areas are given seats in CDBT. For information on entrance changes and admission announcements, visit the Institute of Science and Technology (IoST) website at

Selection Standards

The selection of the candidates will be based on merit, which will be determined by:

  • 20 Percent of the marks earned for a Bachelor’s degree.
  • The scores attained in the Central Department’s entrance exam (80% Marks ).

Grants provided by Tribhuvan University

1. Scholarship for the Central Department of Biotechnology

Academically exceptional applicants will be awarded one full scholarship and two half scholarships. A full scholarship will only cover the cost of one semester. A partial scholarship can only cover up to half of the cost of a semester. Each semester, the scholarship recipient will be chosen based on how well they did academically on their final test from the previous semester. The one-half scholarship will be set aside for a female candidate in the event that a male candidate is awarded the entire scholarship.

2. Sreerama and Dr Rekha Scholarship

Give one underprivileged student an Rs. 10,000 partial scholarship each semester; the award may be given at the start of each semester. The criteria for this scholarship programme are listed below:

  • The student must have attended public schools at the level of SLC, +2, and B.Sc. and meet the following requirements: the student gets an overall first division and passes all courses each semester.
  • Additional considerations can include the pupils’ rural upbringing and their potential SLC Nepali medium education.

It would be very welcomed if further standards could be developed to identify underprivileged pupils. Each year, one of the top ten performers receives a partial stipend of Rs. 10,000 from the Dr L. Sreerama Scholarship. Such a pupil ought not to have been awarded a further scholarship that year.

Each year, one of the top ten performing female students is given a partial stipend of Rs. 10,000 through the Dr G. K. Rekha Scholarship. That year, such a female student should not have been awarded another scholarship.

Gold Medal

The Drs. Rekha and Lakshmaiah Sreerama Gold Medal are given annually to the student who achieves the highest ranking. Prof. Dr Sreerama and Prof. Dr G.K. Rekha created a fund to support this award. The medal will be given to the outstanding student during a Tribhuvan University-organized convocation event.

Eligibility for BSc. Biotechnology in Nepal

  • 10+2 (or equivalent) exams with at least 50% overall and 50% in PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) or PCM and Biology (PCB)
  • OR a minimum overall GPA of 2.4, a minimum grade of C+ in either PCM (Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics) or PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology), and a minimum grade of C in all other disciplines.

For the Fall Term, formal admission is conducted in July–August. Candidates are chosen based on:

  • The merit of academic achievements up to the higher secondary or intermediate level and scores on the KU Undergraduate Admission Test, a two-hour exam to gauge competency in physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics
  • Individual interview

List of Universities Providing Biotechnology Courses in Nepal

Here is a list of the four best universities that have been offering biotechnology in Nepal.

1. Kathmandu University, School of Science (KUSOS)

The Department of Biotechnology at Kathmandu University pioneered biotechnology in Nepal. The University was the first institution in Nepal to introduce a biotechnology curriculum. The program was established to create a qualified and knowledgeable workforce capable of resolving societal issues using cutting-edge scientific techniques.

You can learn more about Programs Offered, Course Duration, Tuition Fees, and Eligibility Criteria by Kathmandu University, School of Sciences in the table below:

Programs Offered Eligibility Criteria Course Duration Tuition Fees
B.Tech Biotechnology A minimum grade of C+ each in PCM or PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) and minimum of Grade in remaining subjects, OR, If the student has been evaluated in a percentage system, a minimum of 50% in aggregate of PCM or PCB. 4 years, 8 semesters NPR 8,21,000
MS by Research in Biotechnology You must have completed 4 years of undergraduate programs from KU or a University recognized by Kathmandu University with a minimum 2.5 CGPA. 2 years N/A
M. Tech Biotechnology Candidates who have completed 4 years of Undergraduate/bachelor’s degree with a minimum of 2.0 CGPA or 50 % in aggregate marks are eligible to apply. Those with 3 years of undergraduate programs in any basic science field of study will be required to take a 1- year bridge course which can be taken at the department. 2 years, 4 semesters NPR 528000
PhD in Biotechnology Completion of Master level in the first division   3 years NPR 735000

2. Tribhuvan University (TU)

 Programs Offered, Course Duration, Eligibility Criteria, and Tuition Fees of Tribhuvan University are shown in the table below:

Programs Offered Eligibility Criteria Course Duration Tuition Fees Colleges
M.Sc. Biotechnology

Candidates with a Bachelor’s degree with a minimum of 50% in aggregate in Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Chemistry or Environmental Science, with chemistry and the biological sciences as major subjects from Tribhuvan University or equivalent degrees from other recognized universities, are eligible for admission.

Students with Bachelor’s degrees in Biotechnology, Agricultural Science, Biochemistry, Food Technology, and Medicine with appropriate knowledge of chemistry and biological sciences (Botany/ Zoology/ Microbiology) equivalent to B.Sc. levels of TU are eligible for the courses.

2 years, 4 semesters

NPR 1,77,000

Note: (This is the tuition fee at the Central Department of Biotechnology, TU)

Other fees may apply as decided by the University Campus, Kirtipur.

National College (NACOL)-NIST

Central Department of Biotechnology, TU

Sunsari Technical College



PhD in Biotechnology You must have at least a second division in M.Sc in Biotechnology from Tribhuvan University or any other University recognized by Tribhuvan University. 3 years N/A

Central Department of Biotechnology, Tribhuvan University


3. Purbanchal University (PU)

Programs Offered, Course Duration, Eligibility Criteria, and Offering College Affiliated with Purbanchal University are listed in the table below:

Programs Offered Eligibility criteria Course Duration College
BSc in Biotechnology You must score 50% or Grade C in +2 Science or equivalent (Both Physical and Biology)  

4 years

SANN International College
B.Tech Biotechnology You must have a minimum of 2.00 CGPA in +2 (Biology or Physical) 4 years Himalayan WhiteHouse International College

Kantipur Valley College

4. Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU)

Programs Offered, Course Duration, Eligibility Criteria and Tuition Fees of Agriculture and Forestry University Offered by Center of Biotechnology, Agriculture and Forestry University are listed below:

Programs Offered Eligibility Criteria Course Duration Tuition Fees
MSc in Agriculture (Biotechnology) You must pass B.Sc Agriculture or equivalent degree 2 years 18,000/Semester
MSc in Animal Science (Biotechnology) You must have a B.Sc Ag or B.Sc. An.Sc., or B.V.Sc. and AH or equivalent degree.  

2 years



MSc in Forestry (Biotechnology) You must have a B.Sc. Forestry degree 2 years N/A
MSc in Veterinary Science ( Biotechnology) You must pass a B.V.Sc and AH or equivalent degree 2 years NPR 75000


This is all about the 4-year Bachelor’s in Biotechnology in Nepal. We discussed the eligibility Criteria, the fee structure of Biotechnology in Nepal, the subjects, scope, institutes, salaries etc in this article. However, it is you who decides where to go and what to choose along the lengthy list of career options. If you want to pursue your career in the Engineering fields such as Geomatics Engineering in Nepal or Chemical Engineering,  kindly read our previous blogs at Informalguru.

Frequently Asked Questions FAQ

Q. What is Biotechnology?

A. Biotechnology is a field of engineering that makes use of biological systems, living creatures, or fragments thereof, to develop or produce various goods. The utilization of yeast (a living organism) to create the intended product is an example of a biotechnology process, as are brewing and baking bread.

Q. What is the Salary of a Biotechnology in Nepal?

A. In Nepal, a biotechnologist typically earns roughly Rs 4.5 lakh annually. A biotechnology graduate makes about Rs 3.5 lakh annually at the entry level. The remuneration package will probably be about Rs 5 lakh after 4 years of experience.

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